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dermatitis atopic (eczema)

Atopic dermatitis overview:

(eczema)

Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a condition that makes your skin red, itchy, and inflamed. The medical term for this condition is "atopic eczema." It's one of the most common diseases among children, who are often severely affected by the condition. This article provides a quick overview of atopic dermatitis and includes helpful tips on what to do to help your child manage their symptoms.



Symptoms:


The following signs and symptoms may occur:


Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that causes the skin to become red, itchy, and inflamed. The most common areas of the body that are affected are the legs, face, behind the ears, elbows and other areas. Even though atopic dermatitis usually affects a child's upper body and hands, it can also affect their lower body like the legs and feet. Atopic dermatitis most often starts between 6 months and 3 years of age but some people begin having symptoms in the first year of life. Some people with atopic dermatitis have more than one type of eczema on their bodies. For example, a person may have an allergic reaction to one type of food but not to another.


Atopic dermatitis is the most common skin condition in the United States. It is often known as "atopic eczema" and is a type of eczema. The condition causes inflamed, itchy skin that often blisters.



Whether atopic dermatitis exists or not depends on the individual's genetic makeup and overall health, according to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH).


Causes:

Atopic dermatitis is usually a lifelong condition that is inherited from both parents. The cause of atopic dermatitis is not well understood, but the disease may be caused by several factors or a combination of factors including:

The body's immune system plays an important role in atopic dermatitis. During an allergic reaction, several things happen in the body's immune system that affect how it responds to various triggers. Changes may occur in the body's skin cells and/or its immune system, which play a part in causing atopic dermatitis symptoms. Some people with atopic dermatitis produce too much of the antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE). This also causes atopic dermatitis symptoms.


Medications can also play a role in causing atopic dermatitis. Some medicines can make eczema worse by making the skin more dry or irritated. For example, the antibiotic minocycline (Dynacin, Minocin) and the pain medication diclofenac (Voltaren) have been linked to worsening eczema.



When you are suffering from atopic dermatitis it means that your skin is constantly being scratched, inflamed and red. This is because your body's immune system is activated and it produces too much of an antibody called IgE, which is making you ailment worse. The symptoms do not normally prevent you from going about your day but it does cause severe itching in your skin.


The main treatment for atopic dermatitis is to improve the quality of the skin's environment. This means reducing the amount of drying and irritant materials on the skin and encouraging moistness. Both external factors, such as ultraviolet light in sunlight, and internal factors, such as water retention are key in improving the quality of eczema. For example, most people with atopic dermatitis find that showering or swimming regularly makes their skin feel better because they can wash away dead layers of skin cells and sweat which can lead to itchiness due to trapped irritants. The use of moisturizers on dry areas, such as the elbows and knees, may also help with symptoms. However, a small number of people continue to scratch as soon as they are covered by moisturizers. People with atopic dermatitis should avoid irritants that can loosen the skin's natural protective covering. This includes extreme heat and cold, humidity and sweating. These aggravate the symptoms of atopic dermatitis and can make it hard for moisturizers to do their job.


In order to prevent infection which sometimes occurs in atopic dermatitis sufferers it is essential that they take good care of their skin. The skin is an important part of the body which needs to be well taken care of. So it is important that atopic dermatitis sufferers take good care of their skin to prevent infections.

Complications:


A person with atopic dermatitis should see a doctor regularly to make sure they are doing all they can to help keep the condition under control.


Atopic dermatitis is incurable, but it can be controlled. Symptoms may improve over time and can vary in severity. Some people with atopic dermatitis have only one or two outbreaks or symptoms of the condition and others have severe symptoms that last for years.



Steroids are commonly prescribed to reduce the skin inflammation associated with this disease. The steroids work by reducing inflammation and suppressing immune system activity, which helps relieve itching and inflammation.


Corticosteroids are the most effective treatment for atopic dermatitis, and there are several ways to use them. The most common corticosteroid for atopic dermatitis is a topical steroid applied directly to the skin. An advanced form of topical corticosteroid, which penetrates the skin more deeply and lasts longer than the others, is called a clobetasol propionate. This can be helpful because it reduces flare-ups between applications.


eczema



Another way to use corticosteroids with atopic dermatitis is by taking them in pill form on a daily basis (topical or oral).

Prevention:


Prevention is as much about keeping the condition from getting worse as it is about preventing it from getting worse. This is because mild cases of atopic dermatitis often go away on their own within one to two years. If a person only has mild symptoms, then they may not need any treatment at all.

However, if you have severe patches of eczema that are very itchy and red, then you should see a doctor or health care practitioner who can recommend the best course of action. As mentioned previously, there are several available treatments that can help reduce flare-ups between outbreaks.

People with a family history of atopic dermatitis should be more aware of symptoms that may indicate the condition. It is important to remember that even though many people with atopic dermatitis have a family history of the disease, it does not mean that they will develop eczema. Also, someone who has severe eczema may still not have atopic dermatitis because eczema is not an official diagnosis, but rather a symptom.


Atopic dermatitis is thought to be caused by several factors working together. The immune system plays an important role in causing this disease. A person with atopic dermatitis produces too much of the antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE). This also causes atopic dermatitis symptoms.


Atopic dermatitis is not a contagious disease. It is not spread from one person to another like the common cold or influenza (the flu). Atopic dermatitis cannot be caught like a cold, but it can run in families. That means that if one family member has atopic dermatitis, then another family member may have the same weak immune system that allows eczema to develop. If a parent has eczema and the other parent does not, then there is a 50% chance each time an egg is fertilized that an unborn baby can have a weak immune system and might develop atopic dermatitis in its first year of life.


Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects people of all national, ethnic, racial and socioeconomic groups. It can affect anyone at any time of life. It is not limited to one gender or age group. Superficial emollients are the first line of treatment for skin with atopic dermatitis. Emollients are products that soften and moisturize the skin by filling in normal crevices in the stratum corneum (the outer layer of the epidermis). Emollients are available without a prescription as lotions, creams and ointments and should be used multiple times a day.

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